Press Release

Haynes and Boone Releases Comprehensive Study of Reversal Rates in Texas Appeals

September 23, 2019

Haynes and Boone, LLP Partner Kent Rutter and Associate Natasha Breaux have completed a study of all non-criminal decisions issued by all 14 Texas courts of appeals from September 2018 to August 2019.

The lawyers gleaned fascinating trends about how trial court verdicts and rulings fared on appeal during the time period studied. For example, Rutter and Breaux found that Texas appellate courts were more likely to uphold jury verdicts and decisions by trial judges in comparison to an earlier study the firm released in 2011.

Plaintiffs in personal injury, other tort, and consumer cases were prime beneficiaries of this trend; their claims were reversed about half as often as they were in the appeals studied in the 2011 report. Rutter attributes the shift in plaintiffs’ fortunes in part to the most recent statewide elections in November 2018.

“The shift is particularly pronounced in the four courts of appeals (Austin, Dallas, and the two appellate courts in Houston) where Democrats won a majority of the seats in November,” Rutter said. “During the final four months of 2018, when all of the justices on those courts were Republicans, the courts reversed judgments favoring plaintiffs at an usually high rate—approximately eight times as often as they reversed judgments favoring defendants (39% to 5%). Between January and August 2019, after the new justices joined the courts, the courts reversed judgments favoring plaintiffs and defendants at approximately equal rates (17% to 18%).”

Irrespective of their ideology, the fact that many Texas appellate judges are newly elected could also be a factor in declining reversal rates, according to Rutter. “New appellate judges are sometimes more hesitant to reverse unless a trial judge’s decision is plainly wrong, which is to be expected given that few new judges have prior experience with all of the many types of cases the courts hear,” Rutter said. “Often, appellate judges grow more confident in their own assessments over time.”

Other findings from the 2019 study include:

  • Jury verdicts were more likely to be set aside in Houston (36%) than Dallas (20%);
  • Statewide, Texas courts of appeals set aside 26% of the jury verdicts that were appealed (compared to 34% in the 2011 study);
  • The statewide reversal rate for decisions by a trial judge conducting a trial without a jury was 20% (compared to 28% in 2011).

Findings of the study will be detailed in “Reasons for Reversal in the Texas Courts of Appeals,” to be published this Spring by The Houston Law Review.

It is the third edition of “Reasons for Reversal.” The prior two versions, authored by Rutter and Haynes and Boone Partner Lynne Liberato, were completed in 2011 and 2002 and later published, respectively, by The Houston Law Review and South Texas Law Review

Rutter is an accomplished appellate advocate with more than 20 years of experience. He serves as the elected chair of the Appellate Section of the State Bar of Texas, an organization of more than 2,000 attorneys that promotes the role of appellate lawyers in Texas, enhances their skills, and improves appellate practice in Texas.

Breaux represents clients in a broad variety of litigation matters, focusing on appellate issues. As a former law clerk to federal judges at both the appellate and trial level, she understands firsthand how appellate and trial courts make decisions.

With one of the largest full-time appellate teams of any national law firm, Haynes and Boone can match clients with appellate lawyers who offer personal experience with specific industries, procedural issues, and courts. Team members have argued appeals before the U.S. Supreme Court, the federal circuit courts of appeals, the Texas Supreme Court, and the Texas courts of appeals, setting precedent for our clients in jurisdictions from coast to coast.

Haynes and Boone, LLP is an international corporate law firm with offices in Texas, New York, California, Charlotte, Chicago, Denver, Washington, D.C., London, Mexico City and Shanghai, providing a full spectrum of legal services in energy, technology, financial services and private equity. With more than 550 lawyers, Haynes and Boone is ranked among the largest U.S.-based firms by The National Law Journal, The American Lawyer and The Lawyer. It also ranks among the nation’s most recommended law firms by general counsel, according to BTI Consulting Group’s “Most Recommended Law Firms 2019” report.

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